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Linearity vs Sensitivity | Difference between Linearity and Sensitivity

This page compares Linearity vs Sensitivity and mentions difference between Linearity and Sensitivity.

Sensitivity

sensitivity curve

Definition:
It is the ratio of the magnitude of output signal to the magnitude of input signal applied to the instrument.
➨Sensitivity = Output/Input
➨An instrument requires high degree of sensitivity.
➨Sensitivity ∝ 1/Deflection Factor

As shown in the curve, it is the ratio of infinitesimal change in the output to infinitesimal change in the input.
➨ Sensitivity = Δqo/Δqi

Linearity

linearity curve

Definition:
• It is defined as ability to reproduce the input characteristics symmetrically and linearly. The linearity curve shows actual calibration curve and idealized straight line.
• The output is linearly proportional to the input.
• For a linear instrument the sensitivity is constant for the entire range of the instrument.

➨Linearity is more important parameter compare to all other parameters including sensitivity.



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