Noise Figure Meter | A Meter used to measure Noise Figure
This page covers Noise Figure Meter basics. It mentions block diagram of Noise Figure Meter. It mentions Vendors or manufacturers of Noise Figure Meter.
All the passive electronic components generate some noise due to
random motion of charge carriers flowing in it.
The greater the temperature, the greater is the motion of carriers.
This results into greater noise power generated by the component.
The noise power can be expressed as follows:
P = K T B
Where, K = 1.38 x 10-23 Boltzmann constant
B = Bandwidth
T = Temperature in Kelvins
Noise Figure: A perfect amplifier will not add any noise to incoming signals,
but practically it adds some noise. This can be equivalent to temperature of
resistor at which it produces same amount of noise. This is known as excess noise
temperature. The lower the excess noise temperature, good is the amplifier.
The amplifier can be characterized with noise figure term.
The noise figure is the ratioof excess noise temperature to room temperature.
NF = (Te + Tr)/Tr
Ideal amplifier should have Te = 0 or NF = 1 or 0 dB.
There are various methods of noise figure measurement viz. Using noise sources, Y-factor method, Signal generator twice power method, direct noise measurement method etc.
The figure-1 depicts noise figure meter measuring noise figure of a DUT (i.e. Amplifier or converter under test). First Noise source is calibrated along with noise figure meter. Later DUT is inserted between output of noise source and noise figure meter input which reads out noise added by the DUT. This method is popular and reliable.
The down converter is added at the output of amplifier if its frequency range is not within the range measured by noise figure meter. Moreover external pre-amplifier is added, if output of DUT is not sufficient enough to conduct the measurement.
Noise Figure Meter Vendors or Manufacturers
Following table mentions Noise Figure Meter Vendors or Manufacturers.
|Vendor or manufacturer||Description|
|Keysight Technologies||Model: N8975A , Frequency: 10 MHz to 26.5 GHz|
|Ailtech||Automatic Noise Figure Indicator, Model: 7514|
|Bruel & Kjaer||4427 Noise level analyzer|
|Ducommun||Noise figure and gain test set|